China’s factory activity slows in January as resurgence of COVID-19 cases and tough lockdowns hit production and demand.
Published On 31 Jan 2022
Asian share markets made a cautious start to a week that is likely to see a rise in UK interest rates and mixed reports on US jobs and manufacturing, while surging oil prices added to worries over inflation.
Data out on Sunday showed China’s factory activity slowed in January as a resurgence of COVID-19 cases and tough lockdowns hit production and demand.
The standoff over Ukraine remains a thorn in the market’s side, with concerns a Russian invasion would also cut vital gas supplies to western Europe.
Lunar New Year holidays made for thin conditions and MSCI’s broadest index of Asia Pacific shares outside Japan edged down 0.1 percent in slow trade.
Japan’s Nikkei dipped 0.3 percent as data on industrial output and retail sales undershot forecasts. S&P 500 futures and Nasdaq futures both eased 0.3 percent, undoing some of Friday’s bounce.
The Bank of England is likely to raise rates again this week, continuing the global trend towards tighter policy. The European Central Bank is also meeting this week but is expected to stick to its argument that inflation will recede over time.
Markets have swung to pricing in five hikes from the Federal Reserve this year to 1.25 percent, though investors still see rates peaking at a historically low 1.75-2.0 percent.
Analysts at Bank of America (BofA) think that is not nearly hawkish enough.
‘Underpriced Fed hikes’
“We point out that markets have underpriced Fed hikes at the start of the last two hiking cycles and we think that will be the case again,” says BofA chief economist Ethan Harris.
“Starting in March, we expect the Fed to start raising rates by 25bp at every remaining meeting this year for a total of seven hikes, with four more hikes next year,” he adds. “This would take the terminal rate to 2.75-3.00 percent by the end of 2023, which should slow down growth and inflation.”
The Fed diary is rather sparse this week, with just three regional presidents scheduled to speak, but there is plenty of data highlighted by the ISM readings on manufacturing and services, and the January jobs report.
The headline payrolls number is expected to be soft given a surge in coronavirus cases and adverse weather. The median forecast is for a rise of just 155,000, while forecasts range from a gain of 385,000 to a drop of 250,000.
“We expect nonfarm payrolls to rise by only 50,000 in January and for the unemployment rate to hold steady at 3.9 percent,” said analysts at Barclays in a note.
“We see downside risk to our forecast given the 8.8 million adults that were not working during the week of January 11 in order to care for someone sick, or they themselves were sick.”
The hawkish turn by the Fed has seen US 10-year Treasury yields spike 27 basis points this month to 1.78 percent, making bonds relatively more attractive compared with equities and particularly growth stocks with stretched valuations.
It has also bolstered the US dollar, which has jumped 1.7 percent so far this month against a basket of its main rivals to the highest since July 2020 at 97.441.
The euro shed 1.7 percent last week alone to its lowest since June 2020 and was last trading at $1.1151. The dollar even gained on the safe-haven yen, rising 1.3 percent last week to stand at 115.27 yen.
Higher yields have been a deadweight for gold, which pays no return, and the metal was stuck at $1,789 an ounce, having shed 2.4 percent last week.
Oil prices were near seven-year peaks, having climbed for six weeks straight as geopolitical tensions exacerbated concerns about tight energy supply.
Brent rose 94 cents to $90.97 a barrel, while US crude added 89 cents to $87.71 per barrel.