/Ómicron advances: what is the group that is most at risk of suffering from prolonged Covid?
Ómicron advances: what is the group that is most at risk of suffering from prolonged Covid?

Ómicron advances: what is the group that is most at risk of suffering from prolonged Covid?

The advance of the Omicron variant means that there are more and more cases of prolonged or long Covid: Who does it affect more and what are their symptoms?

Since its appearance last November, the Omicron variant has overwhelmed the number of infected people in the world, for which dozens of countries break case records every day. In this context, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported that the number of new infections by Covid-19 increased by around 55% in the last week. In Argentina, meanwhile, this variant already has community circulation and this Wednesday it registered, for the second consecutive day, more than 130,000 infections, an unprecedented figure since the start of the pandemic. However, the expansion of Ómicron is being experienced in a very different way from the first waves of Covid-19 that forced the restriction of a good number of activities: life goes on freely thanks to the fact that serious hospitalizations and deaths increase very slightly compared to the explosion of positives that is being registered. This is due to two factors that complement each other to generate this context: in principle, the less seriousness of the cases apparently generated by Ómicron, and then the fundamental role they played and still comply with the vaccines to prevent serious cases that lead to hospitalization and even death.

What is prolonged covid

Despite this encouraging data, experts call on the population to not completely relax since the rapid expansion of Ómicron does have its effects on public health: among these are account the proliferation of cases of “prolonged covid”. This condition, which is difficult to detect, is of concern to doctors around the world, who ask that these consequences be taken into account when maintaining care. This was expressed by Marta Cohen, the Argentine who works as a pediatric pathologist and current head of the Department of Histopathology at Sheffield Children’s Hospital, United Kingdom, who warned that this dissociation between infections and those seriously affected should not be taken lightly. According to Cohen, this condition occurs in those individuals who, even after four weeks of having suffered the infection, present symptoms of covid-19, which include shortness of breath, muscle weakness, mental confusion and extreme fatigue. This can last even up to a year. Given this, he stressed the need for the different countries to equip their health services so that they can detect prolonged covid and treat it in multidisciplinary clinics.

Who does it affect the most?

Given the increase in cases of prolonged covid assisted by the Omicron variant, the United Kingdom Office for National Statistics (ONS) carried out a study on part of the affected population to know more precisely the scope of this disorder. The results of this analysis were surprising since the age group that is most likely to suffer from prolonged covid is not the usual risk populations for SARS-CoV-2 (adults elderly and individuals with comorbidities), but from people much younger than expected: particularly women between 35 and 69 years old. This was reported by the ONS based on a survey carried out among individuals who reported their situation themselves, which revealed a series of characteristic patterns shared by a large part of those affected by prolonged covid. These are:

  • Being a woman
  • Be between 35 and 69 years old
  • Work in health, social assistance or education
  • Live in a disadvantaged area
  • Have a pre-existing health condition

For its part, the prestigious Mayo Clinic also warned about this effect even before the shared ONS survey: based on their clinical admissions, they detected that the number of women seeking medical care for prolonged symptoms of covid-19 exceeded a ratio of 3 to 1 to men.

Prolonged Covid affects women more

Prolonged Covid symptoms

  • Fatigue: Extreme body tiredness and joint pain
  • Loss of smell and taste prolonged beyond the disease
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Mental confusion or difficulty concentrating
  • Difficulty falling asleep : insomnia
  • Dizziness
  • Tingling
  • Depression and anxiety
  • Chest pain
  • Palpitations from the heart
  • Ear pain: tinnitus
  • Stomach ailments: nausea, diarrhea, stomach aches and/or loss of appetite
  • Cough
  • Throat pain
  • High temperature
  • Skin rashes

Coronavirus: deaths doubled in the last 24 hours

This Wednesday’s evening report indicates that 128,402 new cases of coronavirus have been detected in the last 24 hours in Argentina . In addition, 139 deaths from this disease have been registered, a value that doubled in the last 24 hours. In this way, there are 117,808 deaths officially registered at the national level and 6,793,119 those infected since the start of the pandemic, reported the Ministry of Health. Currently, there are 2,406 people hospitalized in intensive care throughout the country. The occupation of these services at the national level is 40.6% and 41.4% in the AMBA. The Ministry also indicated that 198,532 tests were carried out in the last 24 hours and since the beginning of the outbreak there have been 30,056,776 diagnostic tests for this disease.

What activities have a higher risk of contagion from Covid-19, according to experts?

Since the beginning of the pandemic, various opinions have been heard about the risks of contagion from activities carried out on a daily basis. Now, a new analysis by the UK Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies (SAGE) has warned of the advisability of purchasing products online, since people who make a weekly purchase at the supermarket are more than twice as likely to contract Covid-19 than those who receive their purchases online. In the new study, like Virus Watch, specialists examined the daily activities of more than 10,000 people in England and Wales between September and November 2021.

What are the activities with the most and less risk

In this way, they saw that going to businesses once a week apparently carried the highest probability of contracting the virus, with a 2.2% higher risk. This activity was followed by the practice of outdoor sports, which those who did it were 1.36 times more likely to test positive for Covid-19, according to the study. However, the researchers acknowledged that this could be due in part to the social activities associated with such events, rather than the sport itself. The risk of contracting coronavirus after going to a pub several times a week was about 1.3 times higher than in those who did not go. And it turned out to be the same as taking public transportation frequently.

sssGoing to a pub is the third activity with the highest risk among those analyzed by this study

Other risky activities include eating inside a restaurant or cafeteria, and going to work or the gym in person. The analysis, which excluded infections thought to originate from the same household, also found that some activities carried very little risk of later testing positive for Covid-19. In that sense, they did not find an increased risk for those who attend the theater, the cinema, a recital, a sporting event, go to the hairdresser or barbershop, nail salon or another type of beauty salon. Similarly, they found no strong evidence that there is an increased risk from having a pint of beer in a pub garden or eating alfresco at a restaurant. Also, the researchers observed, while frequent use of public transport carried an average increased risk of contracting Covid-19, 1.2 times more likely than those who did not, different types of public transport had different risks.

No todos los transportes públicos tienen el mismo riesgo de contagio de coronavirusNot all public transport has the same risk of contagion from coronavirus

Thus, for example, bus users were 1.3 times more likely to test positive for the new coronavirus, followed by taxi users, among whom it was 1.19 times more likely to contract the disease, and finally , users of land trains or trams, 1.18 times more likely to contract Covid-19. However, no increased risk was apparently observed in subway users. It’s important to note that the Virus Watch data has not yet been peer-reviewed, and the authors of the latest analysis added that their findings could be affected by a small number of young people in the study group. The activities were based on monthly surveys that inquired about the weekly frequency of certain activities, such as those listed. The SAGE document was released as daily new Covid-19 cases in Britain fell for the second day in a row with the first signs that NHS admissions are peaking in England, and coinciding with the government official’s remarks. British Sajid Javid about the Omicron variant being up to 90% less likely to cause severe disease Read More